All the electric motors are constituted by a winding (coil) where the magnetic field is created and this phenomenon appears in the fixed part of the motor that when subject to a magnetic field created by the electric current receives the name of inductor. The same phenomenon appears in the moving part that is where induced electromotive forces will arise, it is called induced.
An electric motor can be defined as a device that transforms electrical energy into another form of energy or that transforms electrical energy with certain characteristics into another form of energy with other characteristics.
When an electric current passes through a conductor, a magnetic field is created around it. If we place this conductor in a region of fixed magnetic field, the conductor will be subjected to an electromagnetic force that will have the effect of displacing the conductor. Thus, the principle of operation of an elementary electric motor arises.
Electric motors 40NP R/L are responsible for much of the energy consumption in industries. In the industrial sector between 50 and 60% of the electric energy used is consumed by electric motors, hence the importance and necessity of using ever more efficient motors.